Complete Bone Health Support
This comprehensive formula supports bone mineralization and bone strength. Now with natural Vitamin K2 which has been shown to help put the calcium into the bones and keep it out of the arterial walls.*
This formula is designed specifically to maintain existing bone and increase bone mass based on the latest clinical research. This formula is used with Essentials 5-in-1 for the additional bone-building support from additional Vitamin D3 and Vitamin K2, which also support cardiac and cognitive function.*
- Lips P, et al. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2010 Sep;73(3):277-85.
- Gennari C. Public Health Nutr. 2001 Apr;4(2B):547-59.
- Meunier P. Scand J Rheumatol Suppl. 1996;103:75-8; discussion 79-80.
- Nielsen H. Studies on the relationship between boron and magnesium which possibly affects the formation and maintenance of bones. Magnes Trace Elem. 1990;9(2):61-9. “Because boron and/or magnesium deprivation causes changes similar to those seen in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis, these elements are apparently needed for optimal calcium metabolism and are thus needed to prevent the excessive bone loss which often occurs in postmenopausal women and older men….”
- Mutlu M, Argun M, Kilic E, Saraymen R, Yazar S. Magnesium, zinc and copper status in osteoporotic, osteopenic and normal post-menopausal women. J Int Med Res. 2007 Sep-Oct;35(5):692-5. “…trace element supplementation, especially with magnesium and zinc and perhaps copper, may have beneficial effects on bone density.”
- Strause L, Saltman P, Smith KT, Bracker M, Andon MB. Spinal bone loss in postmenopausal women supplemented with calcium and trace minerals. J Nutr. 1994 Jul;124(7):1060-4. "These data suggest that bone loss in calcium-supplemented, older postmenopausal women can be further arrested by concomitant increases in trace mineral intake.”
- Stendig-Lindberg G, Tepper R, Leichter I. Trabecular bone density in a two year controlled trial of peroral magnesium in osteoporosis. Magnes Res. 1993 Jun;6(2):155-63. “The mean bone density of all treated patients increased significantly after 1 year (P < 0.02) and remained unchanged after 2 years (P > 0.05). The mean bone density of the responders increased significantly both after one year (P < 0.001) and after 2 years (P < 0.02), while in untreated controls, the mean bone density decreased significantly (P < 0.001). “
- Ryz NR, Weiler HA, Taylor CG. Zinc deficiency reduces bone mineral density in the spine of young adult rats: a pilot study. Ann Nutr Metab. 2009;54(3):218-26. Epub 2009 Jun 9.
- Tucker KL. Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2009 Dec;7(4):111-7. USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, “Several nutrients, including magnesium, potassium, vitamin C, vitamin K, several B vitamins, and carotenoids, have been shown to be more important than previously realized…”
- Murray TM. ... Consensus statements from the Scientific Advisory Board of the Osteoporosis Society of Canada. 4. Calcium nutrition and osteoporosis. CMAJ. 1996 Oct 1;155(7):935-9. “…Revised intake guidelines designed to reduce bone loss are suggested… “
- NIH Consensus Statement. 2000 Mar 27-29;17(1):1-45. “Adequate calcium and vitamin D intake are crucial to develop optimal peak bone mass and to preserve bone mass throughout life."